• Global warming is caused by the emission of greenhouse gases, primarily carbon dioxide.
• Human activities are responsible for most of the increase in greenhouse gas emissions since the Industrial Revolution.
• Scientists predict that global temperatures will continue to rise if emissions remain unchecked.

What is Global Warming?

Global warming is a gradual increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere and its oceans, a change that is believed to be permanently changing the Earth’s climate. The term is often used interchangeably with climate change, but global warming specifically refers to rising surface temperatures rather than broader changes in atmospheric conditions.

What Causes Global Warming?

The primary cause of global warming is increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in our atmosphere, particularly carbon dioxide (CO2). These gases trap heat, preventing it from escaping into space and causing temperatures to rise on Earth. Since the Industrial Revolution began around 1750, human activities such as burning fossil fuels and deforestation have greatly increased both CO2 production and atmospheric concentrations. According to NASA data published in 2020, atmospheric CO2 concentrations are now higher than they have been at any point in at least 800,000 years—and likely much longer than that.

Effects of Global Warming

Global warming has far-reaching consequences for people all over the world. As air and ocean temperatures increase, melting glaciers cause sea levels to rise while extreme weather events become more frequent and intense. Climate change has already had a significant impact on species around the world—many Arctic animal populations are declining due to their shrinking habitats—and these effects may become increasingly destructive without swift action from governments across the globe.

How Can We Stop Global Warming?

Reducing our dependence on fossil fuels is essential for slowing down global warming and mitigating its effects on our planet’s future. This means transitioning away from coal and oil towards renewable sources such as solar energy or wind power; investing in energy efficiency measures such as LED lightbulbs; improving public transportation systems; protecting forests; eating less meat (or none at all); using green products; recycling; cutting back on single-use plastics; driving less; installing rooftop gardens; etc.. Every person can make small but meaningful lifestyle changes that add up when we all participate together!


It’s clear that global warming poses an urgent threat to humanity’s future—but there’s still time for us to act if we act quickly enough! Reducing our collective dependence on fossil fuels while investing in clean energy sources can slow down climate change before its effects become catastrophic for life on Earth as we know it today.